How was Inca civilization structured?
The Inca society was a vertical hierarchical organization divided in four social classes. At the top of the stratum was the Sapa Inca, the most powerful person in the empire. … Society in the Andes was built around the ayllu. All its members had some kind of family ties, like an extended family.
What types of structures did the Inca built?
Witness of great events of history, the Inca civilization had three types of architecture: civil architecture (the 12-Angled Stone), military architecture (Sacsayhuaman), and religious architecture (Koricancha). The Inca buildings were erected in rectangular spaces, using materials such as rocks and mudbricks.
How were the Incas divided?
The empire was divided into four quarters known as the four Suyus. Hence the Incas called their empire Tahuantinsuyu, which means ‘land of the four quarters’. Each quarter was placed under a governor who reported directly to the king. The king ruled the Inca Empire from his seat in the capital city of Cuzco.
Did the Incas have slaves?
In the Inca Empire yanakuna was the name of the servants to the Inca elites. The word servant, however, is misleading about the identity and function of the yanakuna. It is important to note that they were not forced to work as slaves.
Why did the Incas build terraces?
Because the Incas lived in the mountains, they had no flat land for farming. They had to build wide step-like areas called terraces for farming. Through terrace farming, the Incas were able to provide for all people in the empire. … The Incas grew potatoes and other crops that could resist cold nights.
Why was Inca construction impressive?
One of the reasons Inca architecture was successful was the organization of its society and labor. Through ayllus and mita labor or tribute they were able to organize their manpower in extraordinary numbers necessary to build such labor intensive monuments.
What did the Incas not have?
Or did they? The Incas may not have bequeathed any written records, but they did have colourful knotted cords. Each of these devices was called a khipu (pronounced key-poo). We know these intricate cords to be an abacus-like system for recording numbers.