How many Mapuches are in Chile?
Today the collective group makes up over 80% of the indigenous peoples in Chile, and about 9% of the total Chilean population. The Mapuche are particularly concentrated in the Araucanía region.
How do the Mapuches live?
The Mapuche people lived in the fertile valleys of Southern Chile at the time of the Spanish arrival. They lived in small groups with a culture based mainly on hunting and gathering. Toiling on the land was not necessary for many, and what work there was was evenly divided among the sexes.
What problems do the Mapuches face?
The Spanish colonial empire went to war with the Mapuche people in the late 1800s. The conflict, said the speaker, revolved around three central themes: jurisdictional autonomy, return of historical territory and cultural identity.