What happened in the 1600s in South America?
By 1611 the mining town of Potosi (accent on the i) in the Andes Mountains were around 42,000 Spaniards and 65,000 Indians. Colonists, meanwhile, were settling to the north and south of Santiago in what today is Chile. …
What happened in Latin America 1492?
Christopher Columbus landed in the Americas in 1492. … During the European colonization of the western hemisphere, most of the native population died, mainly by disease. In what has come to be known as the Columbian exchange, diseases such as smallpox and measles decimated populations with no immunity.
What did the natives call South America?
The English term “Amerindian” (short for “Indians of the Americas”) is often used in the Guianas. Latin Americans of mixed European and Indigenous descent are usually referred to as mestizos (Spanish) and mestiços (Portuguese).
Indigenous peoples of South America.
Who found South America?
Explorer Christopher Columbus sets foot on the American mainland for the first time, at the Paria Peninsula in present-day Venezuela. Thinking it an island, he christened it Isla Santa and claimed it for Spain. Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy, in 1451.
What led to the Latin American revolution?
The immediate trigger of the conflict was Napoleon’s invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal) in 1807 and 1808, but its roots also lay in the growing discontent of creole elites (people of Spanish ancestry who had been born in Latin America) with the restrictions imposed by Spanish imperial rule.
Why do they call it Latin America?
The region consists of people who speak Spanish, Portuguese and French. These languages (together with Italian and Romanian) developed from Latin during the days of the Roman Empire and the Europeans who speak them are sometimes called ‘Latin’ people. Hence the term Latin America.
How did Christianity get to Latin America?
Christianity was brought to Latin America by the Spanish and Portuguese conquerors of North, Central, and South America in the 16th cent. … Franciscan, Dominican, and Augustinian friars, and later the Jesuits, preached among the indigenous groups of the Americas, with varying degrees of success.
How did Spain lose America?
The Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish-American War was signed on December 10, 1898. In it, Spain renounced all claim to Cuba, ceded Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States and transferred sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States for $20 million.
How long did colonialism last in Latin America?
Even so, the Colonial Period (1492-1810) stands out as being the era that did the most to shape what Latin America is today.
Why did the Spanish sail to America?
From 1492 to the 1800s, Spanish explorers were the bullies of the New World. … Christopher Columbus and his crew arrived in 1492 after sailing the ocean blue in a quest to find a faster trade route to Asia. They wanted riches and the eternal glory of being really cool by discovering the better water highway to Asia.