What European country settled in Venezuela?

Who were the first settlers of Venezuela?

Venezuela’s original inhabitants were the Carib and Arawak Amerindian peoples. Spanish explorers founded the settlements of Valencia in 1555 and Santiago de León de Caracas in 1567.

Why did Spain colonize Venezuela?

Colonial Venezuela’s primary value to Spain was geographic: its long Caribbean coastline provided security from foreign enemies and pirates for the Spanish bullion fleet during its annual journey between Portobelo, in present-day Panama, and Cuba.

Who brought Spanish to Venezuela?

Spanish expeditions led by Columbus and Alonso de Ojeda reached the coast of present-day Venezuela in 1498 and 1499.

Who is famous from Venezuela?

Famous people from Venezuela

  • Hugo Chávez. Politician. …
  • Simón Bolívar. Politician. …
  • Rafael Trujillo. Politician. …
  • Nicolás Maduro. Politician. …
  • Pastor Maldonado. Racing driver. …
  • Carlos the Jackal. Man. …
  • Henrique Capriles Radonski. Politician. …
  • Carolina Herrera. Fashion Designer.

Was Venezuela a British colony?

Venezuela is among the most urbanized countries in Latin America; the vast majority of Venezuelans live in the cities of the north and in the capital. The territory of Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 amid resistance from indigenous peoples.

What is the largest indigenous group in Venezuela?

Wayuú are the largest indigenous people in Venezuela, and live in the Guajira peninsula in the states of Zulia, Mérida and Trujillo, which border Colombia. In the 2011 national census, they accounted for 413,436 people.

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Where did people from Venezuela come from?

Venezuela is a country of immigrants. About two-thirds of the population is mestizo (of mixed European and indigenous [Amerindian] ancestry) or mulatto-mestizo (African, European, and indigenous); about one-fifth of Venezuelans are of European lineage, and one-tenth have mainly African ancestry.