Why is South America so dry?

What causes the dry regions in South America?

Cause and origin

The northern portion of the Arid Diagonal is a result of the blocking of the trade winds by the barrier formed by the Central Andes and the South Pacific High and to the south in the westerlies the rain shadow the Southern Andes casts over eastern Patagonia.

Is South America moist or dry?

The ITCZ is responsible for the seasonal character of precipitation in South America’s extensive tropical wet-dry climatic zone. The trade winds of both hemispheres converge between the subtropical anticyclones of the Northern and Southern hemispheres in that low-pressure region.

Does South America have a dry climate?

The desert region of Chile is the driest part of South America. … A unique feature of South America’s climate is the El Nino. Every two to seven years the cold dry Peru Current weakens and warm waters from the south rush along the coast in a southward direction.

What is the main religion in South America?

Religion in South America has been a major influence on art, culture, philosophy and law. Christianity is the main religion, with Roman Catholics having the most adherents. Sizeable minorities of non-religious people and adherents of other religions are also present.

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Why is South America called the land of extremes?

In geographic terms, it has some of the hottest, driest deserts in the world (the Atacama and Sonoran deserts) while having the largest rain-forest in the world (the Amazon). This too applies to several other physical features.

Which is the hottest country in South America?

Hottest place: Rivadavia, Argentina

Way back in 1905 the town of Rivadavia in Northern Argentina recorded high of 120.0 °F – in the shade.

What season is it in South America now?

Other than that South America is a year round destination where the summer season takes place from November to February and the winter season lasts from June to August. Just remember that the southern hemisphere seasons are reversed if you’re looking for the best time to visit South America.

Which country has no rainfall?

The world’s lowest average yearly precipitation in 0.03″ (0.08 cm) during a 59-year period at Arica Chile. Lane notes that no rainfall has ever been recorded at Calama in the Atacama Desert, Chile.

What is the driest country on Earth?

The Atacama Desert in Chile, known as the driest place on Earth, is awash with color after a year’s worth of extreme rainfall. In an average year, this desert is a very dry place.

What’s the coldest part of South America?

The coldest part of the continent is in the extreme southern tip, in the area called Tierra del Fuego; in the coldest month of the year, which is July, it is as cold as 0°C (32°F) there. The highest temperature of the continent is reached in a small area of northern Argentina, and is about 42°C (108°F).

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