What crops did Incas grow?
They developed resilient breeds of crops such as potatoes, quinoa and corn. They built cisterns and irrigation canals that snaked and angled down and around the mountains. And they cut terraces into the hillsides, progressively steeper, from the valleys up the slopes.
What was the Incas most successful crop?
The three principal crops that the Inca’s lived on were quinoa, potatoes and corn, although they used many other plants for medicinal purposes.
How many years of food did the Incas store in case of emergency?
They had drainage canals, gravel flooring, and ventilation in both the floor and roof in order to keep the interior as cool and dry as possible so that ordinary goods could be stored for up to two years and freeze-dried foodstuffs for up to four years.
Did the Incas have chocolate?
Chocolate in Ecuador
Unlike the Aztecs and Mayans, the Incas did not cultivate cacao. … Plantations were either abandoned altogether or replaced cacao with greater revenue producing crops.
What technique did the Incas use to keep food longer from getting rotten?
Andean cooking helped as well
Andean cooking methods also helped to preserve foods. Pachamanca, the amazing Andean method of slowly roasting over hot rocks in covered pits, creates delicious meals; it also helps cooked foods and meats to last for longer periods of time.
What was the most important food of the Incas?
Root vegetables were the most important staple foods consumed by the Incas and all of them are native to the Andes. Archaeological findings show that certain root vegetables such as the potato, oca, sweet potato and manioc were domesticated about 8,000 years ago.
Did Mayans eat meat?
Meat and fish were typically cooked in stews along with various vegetables and peppers. Fish was either salted and dried or roasted over an open fire. Fruits eaten included guava, papaya, avocado, custard apple, and sweetsop. A frothy chocolate drink and honey were also popular desserts.