You asked: In what ways had the Incas adapted their civilization to the environment by the sixteenth century?

How did the Inca adapt to their challenging environment?

By cutting flat planes into the mountain, the Incas were able to create areas of suitable farmland. Bounded by stone walls, these areas are able to withstand the problems associated with Mountain climates. Along with domesticated species of plants suited to harsh conditions, the Incas were able to farm.

How did the Inca adapt to meet their needs?

They adapted to their environment. They built canoes so they could hunt and fish. They created medicines from the many plants they found in the area. They created floating gardens for more places to grow food.

How did the Inca adapt their agricultural techniques to their environment?

They developed resilient breeds of crops such as potatoes, quinoa and corn. They built cisterns and irrigation canals that snaked and angled down and around the mountains. And they cut terraces into the hillsides, progressively steeper, from the valleys up the slopes.

What challenges did the Inca face?

The steep slopes of the mountains limited the amount of fertile land that could be used for farming. It was also difficult to find water for the crops. To solve this problem, the Inca used a system known as terrace farming. They built walls on hillsides and filled them with soil to make terraces.

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What did the Inca use a Quipus for?

The Incas had developed a method of recording numerical information which did not require writing. It involved knots in strings called quipu. … Remember that the Incas had no written records and so the quipu played a major role in the administration of the Inca empire since it allowed numerical information to be kept.

What did the Inca value more than gold?

For the Incas finely worked and highly decorative textiles came to symbolize both wealth and status, fine cloth could be used as both a tax and currency, and the very best textiles became amongst the most prized of all possessions, even more precious than gold or silver.

Why are farmers today less successful than the Incas?

Why was farming difficult for the Inca? … The steep slopes of the mountains limited the amount of fertile land that could be used for farming. To solve this problem, the Inca used a system known as terrace farming. They built walls on hillsides and filled them with soil to make terraces.

Why did the Aztecs and Incas fall?

Dissention and Disease

Cortez exploited this unrest with great skill. … The Europeans brought with them diseases such as measles and smallpox against which the American tribes had no natural immunity. They spread like wildfire, killing rulers of both the Aztecs and Incas, along with millions of other people.

Why did the Incas build terraces?

Because the Incas lived in the mountains, they had no flat land for farming. They had to build wide step-like areas called terraces for farming. Through terrace farming, the Incas were able to provide for all people in the empire. … The Incas grew potatoes and other crops that could resist cold nights.

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What technology did the Incas use?

The Incas developed thousands of techniques for metalwork, stonework, and cloth. They were precise and talented. They developed all sorts of farming and agriculture technologies too. Their roads, too, were something to marvel at.